experiences (ACEs) can contribute significantly to negative adult physical and ... Prenatal exposures that influenced brain development may not be detectable in obstetric records. Brain development in early childhood is extremely important as it sets the stage for the rest of your child’s life. The information we glean from the way the brain works in early childhood can help us better support our little one’s brain growth, and know what kinds of activities for babies are best at every age. Our brains develop from before birth and into adulthood (Siegel and Bryson, 2012). 16 These distinct periods occur throughout the brain in a region-specific and time-dependent manner. Brain growth surges for the first 3 years of life, expands rapidly for the next ten years, then plateaus in the early 20s. This toxic stress may prevent child from learning, from playing in a healthy way with other children, and can result in long-term health problems. Simply put, individuals who have experienced a number of ACEs seem to be at a higher risk of developing mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety and substance abuse. Reduces the ability to respond, learn, or figure things out, which can result in problems in school. When little human brains and bodies are growing, there is a lot to do. here are the questions i’ve been asked •what is the scientific evidence regarding the impact of chronic stress on brain development in the first five years? Sensitive periods in brain development mark critical points in which a particular neural network has a higher plasticity and is more open to environmental fine-tuning. The brain is developing at its fastest rate. But there are key ‘sensitive periods’ during early childhood and adolescence where children and young people’s brains are more malleable, making them more susceptible to positive or negative experiences (Shonkoff et al, 2008). Adverse Childhood Experiences, Brain Development, and Mental Health: A Call for Neurocounseiing Carryl P. N avalta Lesley M cG ee Jolene Underw ood The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study provided compelling evidence that abuse, neglect, and other ACEs are the most potent risk factors for the development of health, men tal health, and substance use problems. Understanding the role that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) play in brain development and prevalence of addiction, mental illness and life-threatening diseases is a pivotal precursor to addressing these issues. ACEs are serious childhood traumas -- a list is shown below -- that result in toxic stress that can harm a child's brain. Although there are many reasons behind this increased risk, one could be the physical impact stressful events have on the brain. developing brain impact of aces on learning, behavior, emotion, and relationships in school martha b. straus, phd professor, antioch university new england firstname.lastname@example.org .