Art and Politics. Those undergoing scarification can experience a spiritual state of euphoria, which is related to the release of endorphins. Email. In another chapter, puberty rites were mentioned as another rites of passage. African societies are known for marking the different transitions of a person’s life cycle with different ritual or rites of passage. Religion and the Spiritual Realm. These rituals mark an individual’s transition from one stage of life to another. Here again the writer made mention of the various ceremonies which accompany puberty and its significance in African traditional religion. The birth of a child, a youth’s coming of age, and the funeral of a respected elder are all events in which an individual undergoes a change of status. differs in African countries was mentioned. Coming of Age: Alternative Rites of Passage for Maasai Girls 11/14/2012 08:26 am ET Updated Dec 06, 2017 The transition from girl to woman in nomadic groups in East Africa takes place in an age-old, four-day ritual in which the girls are dressed in their finest clothes and adorned with their most beautiful jewelry. The human figure, animals and symbols. In many African societies, art plays an important role in various rites of passage throughout the cycle of life. Rites of passage in Africa can range from circumcision without anesthetic to birth charts and fattening rooms. Traditionally, African rites of passage have been rites which accompany every change of place, state, social position, and age (van Gennep, 1960). The bravery and endurance may be seen as a gateway to adulthood, the ability to face injury or even death in battle, or the trauma of childbirth. Themes and issues in the art of Africa. By Dr. Christa Clarke, for The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Rites of passage. Aesthetics. Unlike Western cultures that encourage individuals to find their own path in life by themselves, African cultures focus on building community through creating families. Form and meaning. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. KEY WORDS: pregnancy, birth rites, naming rites, puberty rites, ritual Rites of passage. Such rites, also called transitional rites, indicate and constitute transitions between states where transition is regarded as a process, a becoming, and even a transformation (Turner, 1987). The rite of passage is also a key aspect of the practice of scarification.
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