basswood tree identification

American basswood ranges from southwestern New Brunswick and New England west in Quebec and Ontario to the southeast corner of Manitoba; south through eastern North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas to northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina; and northeast to New Jersey. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. The Basswood variety of the linden tree offers a great yard addition for those looking to cultivate shade. American basswood is an important timber tree, especially in the Great Lakes States. The tree frequently has two or more trunks and vigorously sprouts from stumps as well as seed. Throughout the eastern United States, basswood is frequently planted along city streets. This is a common trait of this species. Carolina basswood (var. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. If you cut down a Basswood tree, the stump quickly sends up numerous young shoots, each of which can grow into a tree. Another form of Basswood bark; more ridged. Known for its lightweight, softwood, basswood was used in Native Americans' carvings. Comments: Species in the Tilia genus are usually referred to as either Lime or Linden in Europe, while in North America it’s most commonly called Basswood. The name bass is derived from the word bast, which is the tree’s inner fibrous bark that has been used to make rope and clothing. The basswood's small greenish flowers are uniquely attached and hanging under a pale, leaflike bract. The rich green upper side of the leaf is in contrast to the underleaf's paler green to almost-white color. heterophylla): This tree, once considered a separate species, is now considered a variety of the American linden. There are several great cultivars of American linden including ‘Redmond,’ ‘Fastigiata,’ and ‘Legend.’ The cultivar Tilia americana ‘Redmond’ grows 75 feet tall, has a beautiful pyramidal shape and is drought-tolerant. Leaves: Alternate, broadly ovate, coarsely saw-toothed, notched at the base. Virens (Latin for greening)/Flickr/CC BY 2.0. The trees are sometimes called "lime" in Britain and "linden" in parts of Europe and North America. A strong fibre is obtained from the tree by peeling off the bark and soaking it in water for a month, after which the inner fibres can be easily separated. Tilia is a genus within the Linden family (Tiliacea). Life expectancy is around 200 years, with flowering and seeding generally occurring between 15 and 100 years, though occasionally seed production may start as early as 8 years. The inner bark, or bast, can be used as a source of fiber for making rope or for weaving such items as baskets and mats. Its other common name is American Linden. American basswood is a large and rapid-growing tree of eastern and central North America. Basswood flowers produce an abundance of nectar from which choice honey is made. An attractive shade tree, the American basswood can grow as tall at 60 to 80 feet with a round and lush crown made up of heart-shaped leaves. In addition to being a majestic tree in the landscape, basswood is a soft, light wood and prized for hand carvings and making baskets. Basswood Tree Identification. Basswood is common in deciduous forests throughout the Midwest and makes for a popular yard and boulevard tree because of the benefits it … Basswood is ideal for carving, as it doesn't splinter easily. The tree is a hardwood and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Malvales > Tiliaceae > Tilia americana L. American Basswood is also commonly called basswood, bee-tree, American linden. Basswood's asymmetrical and lopsided heart-shaped leaf is the largest of all broadleaf trees, nearly as wide as it is long at between 5 and 8 inches. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. The basswood's small greenish flowers are uniquely attached and hanging under a pale, leaflike bract. heterophylla) is found from Missouri to Alabama. Ash trees always have opposite branching. It is known as white basswood or beetree linden. American basswood is an important timber tree, especially in the Great Lakes States. Tilia americana is known in North America as basswood, white basswood, bast, American linden, bass, linn, and beetree. The fast-growing American basswood is among the largest trees of eastern and central North America. Other names include linden for the European species, and basswood for North American species. Leaf: Alternate, simple, ovate to cordate, 5 to 6 inches long, with serrate margins, pinnately veined, base is unequally cordate, green above and paler below. Also, take a close look at the twigs and you will see them zigzag between oval buds with one or two bud scales. It is the northernmost basswood species. Both types are good-sized trees: They often grow to 60 or 80 feet in height, with exceptional specimens of American basswood soaring to 130 feet or more tall and with trunks five or more feet across. This means that pairs of branches extend off of the tree from the same point but on opposite sides. Basswood, also known as American Linden, is a large native North American tree that can grow more than 80 feet tall. The rich green upper side of the leaf is in contrast to the underleaf's paler green to almost-white color. var. Basswood is an ideal wood for many woodcarvers. This fast-grower can sometimes grow as much as 24 inches a year and needs plenty of space to flourish. The greatest species diversity of the lindens is found in Asia. Basswood Tree Identification Basswood's asymmetrical and lopsided heart-shaped leaf is the largest of all broadleaf trees, nearly as wide as it is long at between 5 and 8 inches. Basswood is a prized wood that is relatively soft, works exceptionally well when tooling and is valued for hand carving. caroliniana) is found from Oklahoma to North Carolina and south to Florida. It exists only scattered in pockets throughout Europe and eastern North America. Basswood bark typically divides into vertical plates. Buds are edible but very mucilaginous. The leaf of the linden is much smaller than basswood and typically, it is a much smaller tree. The tree frequently has two or more trunks and vigorously sprouts from stumps as well as seed. In fact, in some parts of its range basswood is known as the bee-tree, and can even be identified by the honey bee traffic. The tree makes an excellent landscape plant with some tolerance to urban conditions depending on the cultivar. The American basswood (Tilia americana) is the only member of the genus Tilia native to Iowa. Twig: Moderately stout, zigzag, green (summer) or red (winter); terminal bud is false, each very plump with one side bulging out disproportionately. White basswood (var. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. Forestryimages.org provides several images of parts of basswood. To identify an ash tree, the first thing you should look for is opposite branching. The rich green upper side of the leaf is in contrast to the underleaf's paler green to almost-white color. Ash trees have compound leaves, which are leaves that are made up of multiple leaflets instead of a single leaf. Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees or bushes, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere. heterophylla white basswood (Tilia americana var. A basal shoot rising from the roots or from a bud at the base of a shrub or tree. This tree should not be confused with the non-native urban basswood called little leaf linden or Tilia cordata. A grove of three Basswood trees growing close together. It was a little difficult to find specifics on timing of trimming lindens or basswood (Tilia spp.) It is the northernmost basswood species. It is very similar to American linden, except that the lower sides of the leaves are covered with dense hairs, giving a white appearance. most likely because it is a tree that can be trimmed at various times of the year with little or no effect on the plant's growth. The tree will often support several trunks off its base, will prolifically sprout from stumps, and is a great seeder. 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