diotima of mantinea quotes

: Evans, Nancy. Diotima, pg. 21, no. Gods and men interact through spirits, … 1–27. She was wise about this and many other things. "Women philosophers in the Ancient Greek World: Donning the Mantle". In the dialogue, her ideas are the origin of the concept of Platonic love. Quote by Plato: “According to Diotima, Love is not a god at all,...”. For Diotima, the most correct use of love of other human beings is to direct one's mind to love of wisdom, or philosophy. Be the first to learn about new releases! [8] In 2005, Margaret Urban Walker summarized Waithe's research, stating that "the evidence for Diotima's reality is substantial, even if not conclusive, and that her imaginary status appears to be a fifteenth-century fiction that stuck."[10]. and directing his gaze from now, on towards beauty as a whole, he should turn to the great ocean of beauty, and in contemplation of it give birth to many beautiful and magnificent speeches and thoughts in the abundance of philosophy. 2, 2006, pp. She is also the one who taught me the ways of Love. However, Aspasia appears under her own name in Plato's dialogue Menexenus, and some scholars have convincingly argued that Plato did not use false names; therefore, Diotima could be a historical figure. ‘Now I’ll let you go. Plato's Socrates credits Diotima, a priestess of Mantinea, for inspiring his theory. In the Symposium, Diotima was a priestess from Mantinea who postponed a plague and taught Socrates the nature of Love.Most of the arguments put forth are based on analyzing the Symposium. Socrates asks what he is then, to which she responds he is in between mortal and immortal; a spirit. . Everyone pursues love differently, whether through making money, sports, or philosophy; but according to Diotima, only passionate, exclusive love between people is truly called love. ), Beginning in the 20th century, the dehistoricization of Diotima became a subject of interest for several scholars, including Mary Ellen Waithe. Saturday, October 15, 2016. “Diotima and Demeter as Mystagogues in Plato's Symposium.” Hypatia, vol. The Greek form also includes the sound nike: Diotima Mantinike as a pun in Greek would thus sound like "Diotima from Prophet-victory". Socrates says that in his youth he was taught "the philosophy of love" by Diotima, who was a seer or priestess. Love is also not a god, Diotima and Socrates agree. The name Diotima means one who honors or is honored by Zeus, and her Mantinean origin is reminiscent of the root "mantis", which would suggest an association with prophecy. "Diotima" has often been used as a title for philosophical or artistic projects, journals, essays, etc. If Love desires these things, he needs them and does not have them. 2, 2006, pp. For Diotima, the most truthful way to love others is to embrace a love that transcends the earthly plane, to touch divinity. Wider, Kathleen. "Diotima and Demeter as Mystagogues in Plato's Symposium." The suggestion that she was a fictional creation was not introduced until the 15th century (notably by Marsilio Ficino), probably based on the fact that she was a woman;[8] however, this plausible hypothesis (with numerous parallels in the study of Platonic dialogues, for instance Callicles in the Gorgias) was in fact put forward because Diotima is not mentioned by contemporary or near-contemporary sources and because her very name and origin could be understood as symbolic. [5], Plato was thought by most 19th and early 20th century scholars to have based Diotima on Aspasia, the mistress of Pericles, so impressed was he by her intelligence and wit. Welcome back. . https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Diotima_of_Mantinea&oldid=986616366, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Diotima is the namesake of one of the main female protagonists in, Diotima appears in the short poem "Irpen'" by, Diotima of Mantinea is one of the two main characters in novels by, Diotima is used on the emblem for the sorority. Diotima of Mantinea (/ˌdaɪəˈtaɪmə/; Greek: Διοτίμα; Latin: Diotīma) was an ancient Greek prophetess and philosopher thought to have lived circa 440 B.C., who plays an important role in Plato's Symposium. Diotima of Mantinea was an ancient Greek prophetess and philosopher thought to have lived circa 440 B.C., who plays an important role in Plato's Symposium. failure to bury the dead) after his campaign against Samos in 440-39 2) the fact that 'Diotima' means 'honored by/honoring Zeus'; Pericles was called 'Zeus' in comedy and popular parlance, and he was notorious for the unusual honor that he bestowed on Aspasia. One proceeds from recognition of another's beauty, to appreciation of Beauty apart from any individual, to consideration of Divinity, the source of Beauty, to love of Divinity. Diotima gives Socrates a genealogy of Love (Eros), stating that he is the son of "resource (poros) and poverty (penia)". 51/line 205d. Diotima quotes Showing 1-1 of 1. . Socrates also claims to have learned from her. Evans, Nancy. A genuine Platonic love recognizes the beauty and loveliness in another person in a way that inspires the mind and soul to the spiritual, rather than the physical. [1], In the Symposium, she is implied to be a priestess or prophetess and is said to be from the Peloponnesian city of Mantinea, which was allied against Athens at the time of the dialogue - though one version of the manuscript preferred in old readings called her a mantic woman, or seeress, rather than a woman from Mantinea. This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 23:36. In a dialogue that Socrates recounts at the symposium, Diotima says that Socrates has confused the idea of love with the idea of the beloved. 21, no. Gods are beautiful and happy, Socrates would not deny. [6] In the Symposium, Diotima puts forth ideas that are different from both Socrates's and Plato's, thereby representing a different philosophical position. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. 1–27. Love is neither wise nor beautiful, but is rather the desire … Therefore, he cannot be a god since he does not have good and beautiful things. In 2019 the Oxford classical scholar Armand D'Angour published Socrates in Love: The Making of a Philosopher, presenting for the first time a wholly new case for identifying Diotima with Aspasia. (Diotima to Socrates in Plato's Symposium. Symposium, Plato’s philosophical text dated at circa 385 to 370 BC, depicts a friendly contest of speeches delivered by a group of notable men attending a banquet.During the discussion, Socrates mentions that, in his youth, he was taught ‘the philosophy of love’ by a woman named Diotima, a priestess from Mantinea. Then as a lover grows in wisdom, the beauty that is sought is spiritual, or beautiful souls. A first century bronze relief found in Pompeii depicts Socrates and an unnamed female figure, along with a winged Eros; although some have supposed the seated woman in the image to be Diotima, others have argued her appearance (notably a necklace) would suggest she is in fact more likely to be Aphrodite or Aspasia. “Nay even in the life, of the same individual there is succession and not absolute unity: a man is called the same, and yet in the short interval which elapses between youth and age, and in which every animal is said to have life and identity, he is undergoing a perpetual process of loss and reparation—hair, flesh, bones, blood, and the whole body are always changing. In the dialogue, her ideas are the origin of the concept of Platonic love. Writings from the second through the fifth centuries A.D. refer to Diotima as a real person, although Plato is probably their only basis for this. [2][3], Since the only contemporaneous source concerning her is Plato, doubts have been raised about whether she was a real historical personage or merely a fictional creation; however, nearly all of the characters named in Plato's dialogues have been found to correspond to real people living in ancient Athens. “According to Diotima, Love is not a god at all, but is rather a spirit that mediates between people and the objects of their desire. I’ll try to restate for you the account of Love that I once heard from a woman from Mantinea called Diotima. She is said to have argued that the goal of love is immortality, "to give birth in beauty," either through the creation of children or beautiful things. Love is a messenger between mean and gods. The first idea put forth to solve the puzzle of Diotima’s existence is that the Form of Beauty is inconsistent with Plato’s Form of the Good. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3810989. [4] A second century reference to Diotima can be found in the works of Lucian. Diotima defines happiness as possessing good and beautiful things. His historical arguments are based on 1) the likelihood of Aspasia's involvement in the warding off of plague that Athenians will have expected to be brought on by Pericles' irreligious actions (e.g. Inspiring his theory by Plato: “ According to Diotima can be in! Of the concept of Platonic love or beautiful souls quote by Plato: “ According Diotima! At 23:36 7 ] defines happiness as possessing good and beautiful things is then, to she! Essays, etc if love desires these things, he can not be a god all! 7 ] in to your Goodreads account speakers in the dialogue had argued diotima of mantinea quotes. Demeter as Mystagogues in Plato 's Symposium. ” Hypatia, vol `` Women philosophers in the,... '' by Diotima, love drives the individual to seek beauty, first earthly beauty, beautiful... 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