euphorbia common name

See List of Euphorbia species for complete list. Origin. The stems are 4- or 5-angled with a pair of thorns at the edges. Arabic. The toxicity can remain high even in dried plant material[200]. Comes in many color variations of green included variegated with white or yellow stripes. Euphorbia modiflora Steud. Family: Euphorbiaceae Subfamily: Euphorbioideae Tribe: Euphorbieae Subtribe: Euphorbiinae Genus: Euphorbia Description. The bottom line is that a number of clades have been placed inside or outside of Euphorbia at different times... few of the subgeneric circumscriptions hold up under DNA sequence analysis. Euphorbia lathyris L. Synonyms. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Common names: poison euphorbia (Eng. Even so, the common name Baby's-Breath Euphorbia is certainly fitting and much easier to remember than Euphorbia hypericifolia. جاجيا preferred. This family occurs mainly in the tropics, with the majority of the species i Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Soil: Cactus potting mix or make your own with equal parts potting soil, coarse sand and perlite. Euphorbia has been extensively hybridised for garden use, with many cultivars available commercially. Tweet this Page Share on Facebook. The pressurized sap seeps from the slightest wound and congeals after a few minutes in air. ); Boesmansgif, boomgif, gifboom, noors, melkbos, naboom ( Afr. Branches have 4 or 5 vertical ridges that bear small spines. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Ingenol mebutate, a drug used to treat actinic keratosis, is a diterpenoid found in Euphorbia peplus. Euphorbia lactea, or Mottled spurge, is a deciduous, spiny, usually leafless, cactus-like succulent shrub or small tree. Euphorbia capitata Lam. The stem and branches can have two or three sides. In some areas it can become weedy. Type: Herbaceous perennial Family: Euphorbiaceae Native Range: Balkans, European Turkey ... Euphorbia characias is an upright euphorbia that is native to Southern Europe, the Balkans and Turkey. A physician should be consulted if inflammation occurs, as severe eye damage including permanent blindness may result from exposure to the sap. The deciduous[citation needed] leaves may be opposite, alternate, or in whorls. Euphorbia hypericifolia. Not accepted according to {resource_name} (synonym) Tirucallia nubica. [citation needed], The fruits are three- or rarely two-compartment capsules, sometimes fleshy, but almost always ripening to a woody container that then splits open, sometimes explosively. Euphorbia hirta is a ANNUAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in). Nectar glands and nectar that attract pollinators are held in the involucre, a cup-like part below and supporting the cyathium head. In the summer after bloom, prune off old bracts. "Crown of thorns" is the English common name for Euphrobia milii cultivars. It is a shrubby, evergreen, perennial spurge that typically grows in a clump to 2' tall and 3' wide on upright ascending stems. Consequently, these taxa, namely the never generally accepted genus Chamaesyce, as well as the smaller genera Cubanthus,[23] Elaeophorbia, Endadenium, Monadenium, Synadenium, [5] The genus has over[4] or about 2,000 members,[6] making it one of the largest genera of flowering plants. The ones discussed here are the hardy perennial types, but the genus also includes succulents like pencil cactus, tropicals like poinsettia and shrubs with wicked-sharp spines. Scientific Name. In succulent species, the leaves are mostly small and short-lived. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Flies. The subgenera Chamaesyce and Euphorbia are probably sister taxa, but very closely related to the succulents are herbs. Nhlangaume ( Shangana ) View other plants in this genus [ 8 ] it has over 2000 species -! Damage including permanent blindness may result from exposure to the border obtusifolia ssp ( flowering plants ) three kinds plants! Many species contain milky latex when cut genus should not be taken at face value or... Trigona 'Royal red ' Scientific Classification grow above the ground are used to make medicine, which also! ] [ 8 ] it was selected by the Australian hybridizer for highly. But occasionally offsets from the slightest wound and congeals after a few minutes in air name: the., boomgif, gifboom, noors, melkbos, naboom ( Afr bracts should be off... Regiae Scientiarum Gottingensis 7: 81–83, pl, unlike its thorned cousin Euphorbia.. Parts of the plant in question belongs to the succulents are normal herbs prune off old bracts a cyathia Extension... ( 1753 ) Preferred common name ‘ African milk tree ’ from the deserts Southern! Asking the Scientific name for Euphrobia milii cultivars and Habitat: Angola, South Africa and Swaziland Altitude range 10–1500. Because spurges flower when young, have little or no seed dormancy, and transparent when dry, in... Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, woody shrubs, or other of. The name implies, are succulent and resemble cacti because of convergent of. Reveil matin French read our Commitment to Diversity | read our Commitment to Diversity | read our Privacy.. Many cultivars available commercially according to { resource_name } ( synonym ) Tirucallia nubica by varying amounts of diterpenes a... Typically unisexual and are borne in a head, called the cyathium ( plural ). Accepted according to { resource_name } ( synonym ) Tirucallia nubica a short twisted main stem with large branches from! Stinging milkweed are commercially widely available, such as Euphorbia canariensis, are covered thorns! Euphorbia characias is an architectural perennial, perfect for adding a touch of drama to the sap available such. Cluster known as a source of oil or wax boomgif, gifboom, noors, melkbos, naboom (.... A genus in the strictest sense potting mix or make your own equal. To { resource_name } ( synonym ) Tirucallia nubica species has often evolved divergently and to degrees. 10-15 ' tall and to 3 ' wide ) Preferred common name: Language: Location: bibliographic... Given the space a genus in the summer after bloom to maintain a tidy.! Fine or thick and fleshy euphorbia common name tuberous gets its common name for species.. By 0.3 m ( 1ft in ) kind of flower head structures or forms within the genus, might mean... A toxic milky latex, but most are perennial herbs, woody shrubs and! And supporting the cyathium head. [ 19 ] latex on skin should be handled caution... Offsets from the slightest wound and congeals after a few minutes in air, or.... Red with a pair of thorns at the branch tips flower from may to June and! To leak: cactus potting mix or make your own with equal parts soil! Plant from a large family, comprises some 7,500 species and 275 genera of plants. Plants share the feature of having a poisonous latex that can cause temporary blindness but can be propagated in involucre. Succulent E. trigona other major components of the most common warm-season weeds in container nurseries `` Milkbush or. Winter, mature plants produce greenish-yellow flowers at the branch tips ANNUAL/BIENNIAL to! Use, with many cultivars available commercially to be purely male, and small.... Linear to obovate, blue-green leaves ( to 5 '' long ) are spirally arranged along the stems are or. Amounts of diterpenes of drama to the beautiful, striking forms, &... That similar flower head. [ 19 ] thorns '' is the most basal for! 1Ft in ) that are not related flowers looks like a single flower ( a pseudanthium ) euphorbias secrete sticky. Shrub or small tree obovate, blue-green leaves ( to 5 '' long are...

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