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It is passed on by the bite of the infected tsetse fly. The tsetse fly is extremely dangerous because it transmits diseases. African sleeping sickness also called African trypanosomiasis is a parasitic disease of humans and many other animals, African sleeping sickness is caused by an insect thus making it an insect borne illness which is caused by a tsetse fly carrying the African trypanosomiasis parasites. Instead disease-causing agents are spread on its body, in its mouth parts or through its vomitus and feces. The only way to prevent the disease is to avoid insect bites. The Tsetse Fly . The tsetse fly-transmitted trypanosomes cause sleeping sickness in humans and a related disease, nagana, in domestic animals in Africa. Next steps The house fly is able to spread disease through several routes. Tsetse It can also transmit sleeping sickness (trypanosomiasis) to animals and humans. Tsetse fly, (genus Glossina), any of about two to three dozen species of bloodsucking flies in the housefly family, Muscidae (order Diptera), that occur only in Africa and transmit sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis) in humans and a similar disease called nagana in domestic animals. Medicine is available to treat it. The tsetse fly can cause what is known as sleeping sickness, or what is known as African trypanosomiasis, which is a disease that can be cured, while it may be fatal if not treated, and this disease has been a health problem throughout the history of some regions Like the desert of South Africa, statistics indicate that about ten thousand people contract this disease annually, according to … Tsetse fly What is African sleeping sickness? Tsetse flies, with one exception, are all found in Africa. Natives of sub-Saharan Africa, tsetse flies can transmit the microbe Trypanosoma when they take a blood meal. One of the most dangerous is a parasite that causes "sleeping sickness", or "human African trypanosomiasis"to give … The tsetse fly bite is often painful and can cause red bumps or small red ulcers at the site of the bite. Infections begin with mild to moderate symptoms like fever and body aches before moving on to serious neurological issues that include sleep disturbances (which give the disease its name). Tsetse flies are bloodthirsty. African trypanosomiasis, or sleeping sickness, is a neglected tropical disease caused by a parasite and spread by the tsetse fly in sub-Saharan Africa. The word "tsetse" means "fly" in Tswana, and refers to all 23 species of the fly genus Glossina.Tsetse flies feed on the blood of vertebrate animals (including humans) and in doing so, transmit the sleeping sickness parasite from infected animals to uninfected ones. The only risk factor is travel to parts of Africa where the tsetse fly is found. 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