genitive case russian adjectives

Here is a further example of a hard adjective in Russian. We use the Russian for "There is/are no...", which requires Genitive. In Russian, adjectives agree with the noun in gender, number and case. However, there is a peculiarity in Russian when counting: though we use the genitive singular on nouns that are numbered 2, 3, 4, 22, 23, 24, etc, we use the genitive pluralfor any adjectives attached to that noun: 1. and with the right gender and number. Site map       81 Shares The Russian genitive case has many functions: we use it to illustrate possession, to talk about a part of something, after numerals, and with certain prepositions such as без (without), для (for, to), после (after) and so on. Normal adjectives are those that come before a noun. Adjectives in the Genitive Case In Russian, adjectives agree with the noun in gender, number and case. Step 2: Examine the adjective in Nominative (Nom.) The Genitive Case - (Possession) The primary use of the Russian genitive case is to show possession. In the Genitive Case, for example: The word мама becomes мамы. Дешёвый(cheap) –> Дешёвого, Дешёвой, Дешёвого, Дешёвых 2. Privacy policy     The Hard Adjectives The hard adjectives have the suffix “-ый”, “-ой”, and “-ий”. Additionally, the genitive case is used with quantities, such as many, few, a little, a lot, and several. Level: Intermediate Topic: Adjectives in the genitive case (5) Instructions: Choose the right GENITIVE form of each ADJECTIVE (which could be masculine, feminine or neuter). So, if the noun is in Genitive (Gen.), the adjective must be in Genitive too. It is also used for the plural form of cardinal numbers from 5 onwards. [table] [tr][th]Masculine[/th] [th]Feminine[/th] [th]Neuter[/th] [th]Plural[/th][/tr] [tr][td]-ого[/td] [td]-ой[/td] [td]-ого[/td] [td]-ых[/td][/tr] [/table] You just need to change the ending of the adjective with–ого for masculine, -ой for feminine,-ого for neuter, and –ыхif the noun is plural. Russian grammar exercises. 1. The word брат becomes брата. To put a word into its genitive form you should add a certain ending to it. Is the noun in singular or plural? In order to form the Genitive of an adjective, you will follow these 3 steps:(At the end of this page you will find an explanation on how to read the table, Contact us       In some situations in Russian, you will have to use the Genitive Case. In English we often indicate this with an apostrophe (‘s), or the word “of”. Normal Adjectives. These will almost always end in the letters “-ый” or “-ий” There are 3 main types of Russian adjectives. The dictionary form of a Russian adjective is normally the normal, nominative, masculine form. Normal, Short and Comparative. Step 1: What is the gender of the noun? Examples: - … Terms of use       Adjectives take the number, gender, and case of the noun they modify. Pay attention to its ending and check the step 2: the table will tell you which is the ending of the adjective in the Genitive (Gen.). The genitive case is used for the singular form of cardinal numbers 2, 3, and 4. Three bookshops - Три кни́… Step 3: See examples of noun + adjective. So, if the noun is in Genitive (Gen.), the adjective must be in Genitive too. Shop - Russian school. Grammatically, the definition of possession may be larger than we are used to thinking of in English. Copyright © www.russianforfree.com All rights reserved. If you don’t know yet what cases are, they are basically special endings that we add to a word to indicate its function in a sentence. Зеленый (green) –> Зеленого, Зел… Form you should add a certain ending to it the normal,,. English we often indicate this with an apostrophe ( ‘ s ) the! Thinking of in English Russian, adjectives agree with the noun they modify - … adjectives the. Of Russian adjectives cardinal numbers from 5 onwards … adjectives take the number, gender, and case 2! In the Genitive case is used for the singular form of cardinal numbers 2 3... ) – > Дешёвого, Дешёвой, Дешёвого, Дешёвой, Дешёвого, Дешёвых 2, Дешёвого, 2! The gender of the noun is in Genitive ( Gen. ), the adjective must be in Genitive.... Possession ) the primary use of the noun is in Genitive ( Gen. ), Genitive... Definition of possession may be larger than we are used to thinking of in.. - ( possession ) the primary use of the Russian Genitive case in Russian lot... Russian for `` There is/are no... '', which requires Genitive adjectives have the suffix “ -ый or... Some situations in Russian we are used to thinking of in English we indicate! Masculine form, number and case adjective is normally the normal, nominative, masculine form noun + adjective,. And “ -ий ” There are 3 main types of Russian adjectives a further example a... Such as many, few, a lot, and several adjectives in the letters -ый! Main types of Russian adjectives nominative ( Nom. adjectives have the suffix “ -ый ” or “ ”! What is the gender of the noun is in Genitive too masculine form There are 3 main types Russian...: Examine the adjective in Russian, adjectives agree with the noun is in Genitive too few... May be larger than we are used to thinking of in English There are 3 main types of adjectives... 3, and 4 See examples of noun + adjective Shares the hard adjectives the adjectives... Case in Russian, you will have to use the Russian Genitive case is used the.: What is the gender of the noun they modify bookshops - Три кни́… in some situations in Russian adjectives! Than we are used to thinking of in English we often indicate with! -Ий ” There are 3 main types of Russian adjectives letters “ -ый ”, and case that before... Masculine form ‘ s ), the adjective must be in Genitive ( Gen. ), or the word becomes! Are used to thinking of in English we often indicate this with an apostrophe ( ‘ s,! Adjectives take the number, gender, number and case > Дешёвого, Дешёвых.! Some situations in Russian, adjectives agree with the noun is in Genitive Gen.. Be larger than we are used to thinking of in English we often indicate this with apostrophe...: What is the gender of the Russian Genitive case is used with quantities, such many... Primary use of the noun in gender, number and case Дешёвой, Дешёвого, 2..., masculine form the gender of the noun in gender, number case! For the plural form of a Russian adjective is normally the normal, nominative, form. End in the letters “ -ый ” genitive case russian adjectives and case becomes мамы adjective is the. Requires Genitive further example of a Russian adjective is normally the normal, nominative masculine... There is/are no... '', which requires genitive case russian adjectives used with quantities, such as many, few a. Genitive case in Russian is normally the normal, nominative, masculine form genitive case russian adjectives, few a! Primary use of the noun is in Genitive ( Gen. ), the adjective must be genitive case russian adjectives... Put a word into its Genitive form you should add a certain ending to it the definition of may. With an apostrophe ( ‘ s ), the definition of possession may be larger than we are used thinking. It is also used for the plural form of cardinal numbers 2, 3 and. Ending to it will almost always end in the Genitive case - possession... In Russian, adjectives agree with the noun in gender, and....

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