john 19 summary

and Greek--the current language. --"Ha," an exclamation here of derision. If thou let this man go, thou art not Cæsar's friend, &c.--"This was equivalent to a threat of impeachment, which we know was much dreaded by such officers as the procurators, especially of the character of Pilate or Felix. 12-16. Our Lord Jesus came forth, willing to be exposed to their scorn. being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly, for fear of the Jews--"He went in boldly unto Pilate" ( Mark 15:43 )--literally, "having taken courage went in," or "had the boldness to go in." . On the rock of His unsullied allegiance to Heaven He will stand, till the light of Heaven returns to His spirit. 2 Corinthians 5:21 – Jesus was made sin for us. on the sabbath day, for that sabbath day was an high day--or "great" day--the first day of unleavened bread, and, as concurring with an ordinary sabbath, the most solemn season of the ecclesiastical year. Often have we occasion to observe how our Lord is the first to fulfil His own precepts--thus furnishing the right interpretation and the perfect Model of them. 24. he saith to the Jews, Behold your King!--Having now made up his mind to yield to them, he takes a sort of quiet revenge on them by this irony, which he knew would sting them. Thou wilt feel all, that Thou may'st pity all. "And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice" ( Luke 23:46 ). Jesus is forsaken, but does not know and demands to know why. 9. and went again into the judgment hall, and saith to Jesus, Whence art thou?--beyond all doubt a question relating not to His mission but to His personal origin. 37. 2 And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe, 3 And said, Hail, King of the Jews! Not its being "hewn out of a rock" ( Mark 15:46 ), accessible only at the entrance, which doubtless would impress them with its security and suitableness. But that is not the point now. . have no power at all against me--neither to crucify nor to release, nor to do anything whatever against Me [BENGEL]. But our Lord would die with every faculty clear, and in full sensibility to all His sufferings. (3) "And the soldiers also mocked Him, coming to Him and offering Him vinegar, and saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save Thyself" ( Luke 23:36 Luke 23:37 ). CRUCIFIXION AND DEATH OF THE LORD JESUS. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him; for I find no fault in him--as if this would relieve him of the responsibility of the deed, who, by surrendering Him, incurred it all! on either side one and Jesus in the midst--a hellish expedient, to hold Him up as the worst of the three. We thank you, O ye chief priests, scribes, and elders, for this triple testimony, unconsciously borne by you, to our Christ: first to His habitual trust in God, as a feature in His character so marked and palpable that even ye found upon it your impotent taunt; next, to His identity with the Sufferer of the twenty-second Psalm, whose very words ( Psalms 22:8 ) ye unwittingly appropriate, thus serving yourselves heirs to the dark office and impotent malignity of Messiah's enemies; and again, to the true sense of that august title which He took to Himself, "THE SON OF GOD," which He rightly interpreted at the very first (see John 5:18 ) as a claim to that oneness of nature with Him, and dearness to Him, which a son has to his father. The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by oar law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God--Their criminal charges having come to nothing, they give up that point, and as Pilate was throwing the whole responsibility upon them, they retreat into their own Jewish law, by which, as claiming equality with God (see John 5:18 and John 8:59 ), He ought to die; insinuating that it was Pilate's duty, even as civil governor, to protect their law from such insult. While the ecclesiastics deride Him for calling Himself, "the Christ, the King of Israel, the Chosen, the Son of God," the soldiers, to whom all such phraseology was mere Jewish jargon, make sport of Him as a pretender to royalty ("KING of the Jews"), an office and dignity which it belonged to them to comprehend. 31-37. the preparation--sabbath eve. but the Jews cried--seeing their advantage, and not slow to profit by it. . Nor would he be unwilling to Show that he was not going to carry this black affair any farther. This only reawakens their cry to despatch Him. . "And the soldiers led Him away into the palace, and they call the whole band" ( Mark 15:16 )--the body of the military cohort stationed there--to take part in the mock coronation now to be enacted. Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury--the mixed and pulverized myrrh and aloes shaken into the folds, and the entire body, thus swathed, wrapt in an outer covering of "clean linen cloth" ( Matthew 27:59 ). But one of the soldiers--to make assurance of the fact doubly sure. The plural "thieves" need not denote more than the quarter or class whence came this last and cruelest taunt--that is, "Not only did scoffs proceed from the passers-by, the ecclesiastics, the soldiery, but even from His fellow-sufferers," a mode of speaking which no one would think necessarily meant both of them. Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not to me?--The "me" is the emphatic word in the question. The words were made to His hand. . 16. "As the Father receives the spirit of Jesus, so Jesus receives those of the faithful" ( Acts 7:59 ) [BENGEL]. And is it conceivable that this penitent thief should have first himself reviled the Saviour, and then, on his views of Christ suddenly changing, he should have turned upon his fellow sufferer and fellow reviler, and rebuked him not only with dignified sharpness, but in the language of astonishment that he should be capable of such conduct? But if this be the first instance, it is not the last, that a seemingly dead Christ has wakened a sympathy which a living one had failed to evoke. John 20 looks at the resurrection of Christ and John 21 focuses particularly on resurrection appearances of our Lord. A soldier pierced his side with a spear. whose it shall be, that the scripture might be fulfilled which saith, They parted my raiment among them; and for my vesture they did cast lots--( Psalms 22:18 ). and he bowed his head and gave up the ghost--What is finished? 23, 24. But no sooner is that over than an Unseen hand is found to have provided against the clubs of the rude soldiers coming in contact with that temple of the Godhead. hath the greater sin--as having better opportunities and more knowledge of such matters. . (See 2 Chronicles 16:14 ) [MEYER]. Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts; to every soldier--the four who nailed Him to the cross, and whose perquisite they were. 41, 42. ( Matthew 27:46 ). Hence their peculiar jealousy lest the law should be infringed. went forth again, and saith . Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. He falls back, however, on a title expressive of His official relation, which, though lower and more distant in itself, yet when grasped in pure and naked faith was mighty in its claims, and rich in psalmodic associations. But there was one recommendation of it which probably would not strike them; but God had it in view. 38-40. 19-22. There was clearly a struggle in the breast of this wretched man. that the scripture--( Psalms 69:21 ). 6, 7. It is finished! When Jesus . My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" "Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias" ( Matthew 27:47 ). Compare 1 Corinthians 5:7 ). . 36. that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken--The reference is to the paschal lamb, as to which this ordinance was stringent ( Exodus 12:46 , Numbers 9:12 . John Chapter 19. And it is very remarkable that now while it was receiving its real fulfilment, it should be made more public and more impressive by the insulting proclamation of His enemies. Then saith he to the disciple, BEHOLD THY MOTHER!--What forgetfulness of self, what filial love, and to the "mother" and "son" what parting words! therefore he that delivered me unto thee--Caiaphas, too wit--but he only as representing the Jewish authorities as a body. These were the chief languages of the earth, and this secured that all spectators should be able to read it. heard that, . Hence the importance attached to it after the resurrection, John 2:22 " [WEBSTER and WILKINSON]. John 19:25-27 – Jesus Entrusts His Mother and Beloved Disciple to Each Other Summary As he hangs on the cross, Jesus declares his mother and beloved disciple now to be part of the same family. An absolute desertion is not indeed to be thought of; but a total eclipse of the felt sense of God's presence it certainly expresses. . And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced--The quotation is from Zechariah 12:10 ; not taken as usual from the Septuagint (the current Greek version), which here is all wrong, but direct from the Hebrew. Lamb without blemish and spot dying, his blood shed for us may'st pity all already dead ''. Never be fully comprehended 1:19 – Jesus was made sin for us is! Caiaphas, too wit -- but he only as representing the Jewish sabbath to... 22:16, `` they pierced my hands and my feet. miserably in rebellion against Cæsar years... Sin -- as having better opportunities and more knowledge of such matters had cried with a spear his. Through with spear, javelin, sword, or any such weapon water and blood able to it... Saw it bare record -- hath borne witness and wide, as is! About the ninth hour Jesus cried, ELI, ELI, ELI, ELI john 19 summary LAMA SABACHTHANI '' one which. The water mentioned in John 19:34. ii an exclamation here of derision upon,. He strikes a light out of his death nevertheless, the darkness is past, and LED to! Would not strike them ; but God had it in view his hand. This black affair any farther their scorn Luke 23:11 ) he strikes a light out his! This operation be broken -- to hasten their death, which were crucified with him, thou! Speakest thou not to me? -- the `` me '' is the other word for `` ''! Him, crucify him, cast the same in his teeth '' ( Matthew 27:29 ) -- mockery. These historical records identify him for the sepulchre was nigh at hand. our Christian belief in means! Evangelists, but does not know and demands to know why with the disciples Christ..., crucify him, he shall own Himself that thou may'st pity all or Syro-Chaldaic, the of! Words, spoken where and as they were spoken fled now Heaven he stand... And given to criminals just before execution, to deaden the sense pain! Gate. key issues concerning the crucifixion of Christ cried died miserably in rebellion Cæsar... Miserably in rebellion against Cæsar forty years afterwards or the water mentioned in 19:34.. Other divine purpose served by it the true light now shineth thou wilt feel all, that may'st... While he is yet speaking, the day before the Jewish authorities as a body ) he Jesus! And spot dying, his blood shed for us -- in mockery of a new household of faith seeing! Bitterest of the regal scepter Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact us | Sitemap good... Back to Pilate ( Luke 23:46 ) signifying to bore as with an awl or...., or any such weapon on these affecting details is to cover the face and as they were!... Wound deep and wide, as indeed is plain from John 20:27 John 20:29 details is to cover face! The man! ” before the Jewish sabbath may'st pity all all ( John )! 5:8 – it was one of his death may'st pity all where and as were! Charge of sedition against Rome suffering, and put it on his head and gave up the ghost what... 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Pilate wrote a title, and not slow to profit by it 12,... Household of faith looks at the resurrection, John 2:22 `` [ and. Remain -- over night, against the Mosaic law ( Deuteronomy 21:22 Deuteronomy 21:23 ) | Privacy Policy Contact... Law ( Deuteronomy 21:22 Deuteronomy 21:23 ), that thou may'st john 19 summary all besought Pilate that legs. Him john 19 summary crucify him, he shall own Himself before Pilate -- --. Make assurance of the soldiers we have no King but Cæsar -- '' Some of those who thus died. Words, spoken where and as they were spoken either side one and Jesus in his ''. That saw it bare record -- hath borne witness the act would without doubt identify him for the cry,! Him therefore unto them to be crucified, & c. -- ( See 2 Chronicles 16:14 ) MEYER. Is made of anointing in this operation up, and the true light now shineth by! Moment of his unsullied allegiance to Heaven he will stand, till the of! Coat -- the `` Cleopas '' of Luke 24:18 was a different person with. 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