(London) WITH A PREFACE BY SIR JAMES GEORGE FRAZER, F.B.A., F.R.S. 75 0 obj <> endobj How might we compare Malinowski’s collection, presentation, and analysis of “native texts” as compared with that of Boas? Note, in this regard, chapter XVII on magic, which prompts further speculation on Malinowski’s expository strategy and why digressions are where they are. His essay on the “Secret Life of Fieldnotes” begins with a long section (189-226) on five early figures in “fieldwork-based anthropology,” all of whom we have read or read about: Frank Hamilton Cushing, Franz Boas, W.H.R. k]7���CZ�$Fg^��h��1R���; What is the relation between the universal and the particular in Malinowski’s formulation of Trobriand life and the kula? Malinowski spent four years immersed in studying the natives of Tobriand Island and in addition to publishing Argonauts of the Western Pacific in 1922, his ethnographies resulting from that time also includes a sociological study of sexuality and family dynamics in The Sexual Life of Savages (1929) and monograph on their agricultural system and is association with magical beliefs in Coral Gardens and … h�b```a``�"�30 � P���c���1�F�%B������p�H�1?H�7�I����,��T7�bI�!� 6�����Z�*�}�� 5_釈2�� Rivers, Bronislaw Malinowski, and Margaret Mead. The two valuables must circulate against each other–the opposite-flow rule–armshells being exchanged for necklaces or vice-versa, but never armshells for armshells or necklaces for necklaces. See, for example, pages 274, 289, and 298 (“Once more we must pause, this time in an attempt to grasp the natives’ mental attitude towards the mythological aspect of the Kula.”). Review of Argonauts of the western pacific 1. Samain demonstrates how, by following the trail set by the caption to a single photograph, the reader is led on a dialectical journey between image and text and back again, directed each time by Malinowski’s instructions, so that the reader is invited to visit different visual aspects of the same topic. Publication date 1932 Topics NATURAL SCIENCES, Biological sciences in general, General and theoretical biology Publisher George Routledge And Sons, Limited The book is about the Trobriand people who live on the small Kiriwana island chain northeast of the island of New Guinea. Men gain considerable prestige from participating in the kula. Are the kula valuables a kind of money or a medium of circulation? Photography in Malinowski’s ethnography. Armshells are ranked in value against each other as are necklaces inter-ranked amongst each other, the highest of each type being named and having shell-histories. Argonauts of the Western Pacific: An Account of Native Enterprise and Adventure in the Archipelagoes of Melanesian New Guinea (1922) Bronislaw Malinowski. In these terms, his three major monographs of the Trobriands detail the three major institutional complexes of Trobriand life. How might we read them and the relationships of photographic images and text? Can you find an example of such “dialectics” and “ensemble”? G. The “basic interpretive themes” of the kula, or why the kula? With rare exceptions, only men can be kula participants. Is the whole kula like the Trobriand kula? Compare Malinowski’s approach to Mooney’s use of texts and “The Songs” or to Boas’s “Kathlamet Texts” letter and his potlatch and Winter Ceremonial chapters in Kwakiutl Ethnography. A note on the overall structure of book. B��ͯ�/�rZ���5s��1�e 20�`��2: cG The valuables derive their principal social value and meaning from being the objects of kula exchange, having few other uses in the social lives of the transactors or in their pursuit of an economic livelihood. An abridged reading of Argonauts should at least include careful attention to the following chapters: “Introduction” I: “The Country and Inhabitants of the Kula District” III: “Essentials of the Kula” (London) With a Preface By Sir James George, Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. Landscapes or wide-ranging views are comparatively rare. A large amount of utilitarian trade in essential and luxury resources takes place on kula expeditions, though this kind of exchanging is conceptually and behaviorally separate from kula exchange to the participants. From Argonauts, the first monograph, what can we say of the kula as an institution, in Malinowski’s use of the concept? 5. endstream endobj 76 0 obj <>/Metadata 15 0 R/OCProperties<>/OCGs[93 0 R]>>/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 73 0 R/StructTreeRoot 31 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 77 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 78 0 obj <>stream The valuables are system-communal property and cannot be owned privately or kept in one’s possession for very long. Chapters 7-10. The nature of what came to be known at that time as “fieldwork,” including its forms of recording (“fieldnotes”) and its relation to the ethnographic monographs that the anthropologist later produced are issues we have talked about in several sessions. Summary. 2. 1. B. There is ‘maximal symbiosis’ between written description and visual representation. Kula partners do not trade or barter in a utilitarian sense with each other. Does (or did) the kula prevent war between small stateless societies, thereby allowing the circulation of differentially distributed resources among them? Malinowski’s photographs do not incline to the ‘picturesque.’”, “2. London Chapter XXII: Malinowski concludes with a summary statement of “the meaning of the kula.” B. Summary: Argonauts of The Western Pacific Malinowski opens the scene with his arrival to the Lagoon of the Trobriands. In particular, how does he distinguish between ethnography and sociology? An abridged reading of Argonauts should at least include careful attention to the following chapters: I: “The Country and Inhabitants of the Kula District”, VI: “Launching of a Canoe and Ceremonial Visiting–Tribal Economics in the Trobriands”, VII: “Departure of an Overseas Expedition”, XI: “In the Amphletts: Sociology of the Kula”, XIV: “The Kula in Dobu” [compare Reo Fortune, Sorcerers of Dobu], VIII: “The Power of Words in Magic–Some Linguistic Data”. C. Malinowski’s contributions to fieldwork and fieldnotes. As George Murdock and many others noted, it is better to appreciate and evaluate Malinowski’s analytical orientation through his concept of “institution” than his deployment of a notion of “function.” By institution, Murdock took Malinowski to mean the following: “The collective life of any society… is largely manifested in a series of organized systems of behavior, or institutions, which provide the most satisfactory units for investigation in field work. What are functions of the book’s 65 photographic plates? Can we see this at work in Argonauts? Young examined the entire collection and published an additional 200, with careful annotation, in his 1988 volume. endstream endobj 79 0 obj <>stream Note page 376: “In the preceding chapters, we have followed an expedition from Sinaketa to Dobu…In this chapter, because we are already acquainted with the customs, beliefs and institutions implied in the Kula, we are ready to follow a straight and consecutive tale of an expedition in the inverse direction, from Dobu to Sinaketa.”, What are the important digressions? He arrives at the main island and visits a village in Boyowa, also known as Kiriwina. It is part of Malinowski's trilogy on the Trobrianders, including The Sexual Life of Savages in North-Western Melanesia (1929) and Coral Gardens and Their Ma… Are exchanged according to the Lagoon of the Western Pacific Malinowski opens the scene with his arrival to the of... Is over ), but several appeared twice ) see pages 60-62, 84-86, and FIGURES! 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