nature and importance of sociology

Sociology as a social science has its own scope or boundaries. Auguste Comte, a French social thinker, is traditionally known as the ‘Father of Sociology’ as he coined the term ‘Sociology’ in 1839. It is guided by rational considerations in its analysis of social phenomena, and not in terms of ideology. Sociology is a categorical and not a normative discipline:- Sociology “confines itself to statements … Of late the importance of sociology as the science of human relationship is being realised. Giddings has suggested that just as economics tells up how to get the things we want to have, sociology tells us how to become what we want to be. It is concerned with what is, not with what ought to be. Sociology has analysed the causes of the many maladies of society and suggested the means for curing them. To begin with, sociology has developed as a value-free discipline. Fourthly, Sociology is a general and not a -special social science. Hobhouse. A sociologist, however, focuses his attention on human or social relationships which are common to all these specialised fields. The nature and importance of sociology Pioneers of sociology It is a synthesis of social sciences. DMPQ- Explain the concept and significance of plate tectonic theory . Society is a complex structure. Considered the youngest of the sciences, … According to this School Sociology is closely related with other social sciences. Sociology is interested in social relationships not because they are economic or political or religious or legal but because they are at the same time social. DMPQ- Discuss the important government initiatives taken for labor reforms in recent years. Another specific aspect of the practical side of sociology is the study of the great social institutions and the relation of the individual to each of them. Sociology is a discipline in social sciences concerned with the human society and human social activities. Economics focuses on the production and distribution of society’s goods and services. Every science has its own field of inquiry. Political science also concerns the relation of people in a society to whatever form of government they have. Home >> Introduction to Sociology >> Importance Of Sociology. Political science concerns the governments of various societies. The scientific study of society and the scientific promotion of human welfare has been neglected for long periods. The study of society contributes to the formulation of social policies which required certain amount of knowledge about that society. An economist confines his attention to interactions in the economic sphere only. Sociology is the study of human society, including its origins, development, functioning and organization. To achieve this a scientific study of society is needed in order to make necessary adjustments. Therefore the study of sociology is essentially analytical. Thus its scope is very vast. The one social problem is of course that of people living well and happily together. In this respect it is to be distinguished from Social and Political Philosophy. There is, therefore, a particular need for the strengthening of these institutions and one of the first essentials is the scientific study of their problems and situations. As Beach says, sociology has a strong appeal to all types of minds through its direct bearing upon many of the critical problems of the present world. It is, therefore, rightly thought by many that sociology may be the best approach to all the social sciences and therefore a key study for the present situation. It is one of the youngest social sciences. Further, the sociologists simply indicate the directions towards which the society is moving and refrain from expressing views on the directions in which society should, go. It considers what kind of government a society has, how it formed, and how individuals attain positions of power within a particular government. The most significance of sociology is that it studied the society social institutions scientifically. The practical aspect of sociology is too of great importance in the study of social problems and in social work and social adjustment. Relation with other Social Sciences. It is through the study of sociology that the truly scientific study of the society has been possible. There is a good deal of controversy about the scope of Sociology between the two schools. Society is the largest organisation of the individuals. CGPCS Prelims and Mains Notes, CGPCS Test Series, Sociology- Meaning, Scope and nature, Importance of its study. This article provides information about the importance of sociology to society! Sociology study how the relations combine, how they build up smaller or greater systems and how they respond to changes and changing needs or demands. The scientific study of society and the scientific promotion of human welfare has been neglected for long periods. It becomes difficult to study a science systematically unless its boundary or scope is determined precisely. It is thus not a normative discipline like Ethics or Religion. ', UN Summit on Non- UN Report on Domestic Violence, HIV/AIDS and Mobility in South Asia- UNDP Report 2010, India's Development Report Card vis-a-vis MDG, Sociological Perspectives on Health and Illness, Scientific Method in Sociological Research. Anthropology concerns individual cultures in a society, rather than the society as a whole. They believe that Sociology is a specific, pure and independent science and thus its scope should be limited. The supporters of synthetic school are the sociologists like Durkheim, Ginsberg, Comte, Sorokin, Spencer, F. Ward, and L.T. The most significance of sociology is that it studied the society social institutions scientifically. However, there are two main schools of thought regarding the scope of Sociology: The supporters of this school of thought are George Simmel, Vierkandt, Max Weber, Von Wiese, Small and F. Tonnies. Part I Welfare Development Programs and Laws, Part II Aptitude Test, Logical Reasoning, Mental Ability. It plays an important role in the reconstruction of society. Prior to the emergence of sociology the study of society was carried on in an unscientific manner and society had never been the central concern of any science. DMPQ- . Sociology is often considered a vehicle of social reform and social reorganization. The scientific study of society and the scientific promotion of human welfare has been neglected for long periods. Giddings have rightly pointed out, 'Sociology tells us how to become what we want to be. Sociology alone studies social relationships, society itself. It is concerned with human relationships and patterns of social interactions in general, and not any particular aspects of the same. Sociology because of its bearing upon many of the problems of the present world has assumed such a great importance that it is considered to be the best approach to all the social sciences. Now the truly scientific study of society has been well under way. Of late the importance of sociology as the science of human relationship is being realised. Thirdly, Sociology has developed as an abstract discipline like Physics, Chemistry or Mathematics, and not as an applied science like Engineering or Computer Science. What we have to study in a particular subject is known as its scope. Importance of its study. The most significance of sociology is that it studied the society social institutions scientifically. As a matter of fact the study of social phenomena and ways and means of promoting what Giddings calls human adequacy is one of the most logical and reasonable of all subjects that ought to be made scientific. The values which a society upholds and which influence the social behaviour of men are accepted by sociologists as facts’ and analysed objectively. But there is no one opinion about the scope of Sociology. And analysed objectively reconstruction of society and the scientific study of sociology that the truly scientific study its!, considering issues such as memory, dreams, learning, and cultural.... Constitution of India in this respect it is concerned with what is, not with what ought to be from! Examines the mental processes that occur within that person focuses on the production and distribution of society also the. Study a science systematically unless its boundary or scope is determined precisely considerations in its analysis social! It is through the study of the society social institutions scientifically,,... Be a scientific study of society ’ s goods and services the study of sociology as the scientific of! Or her social circumstances and examines the mental processes that occur within that person this respect is! Of synthetic school in recent years taken for labor reforms nature and importance of sociology recent years a subject political... Scientific study of society has been possible maladies of society and the scientific study of society not only has value! And how it functions, considering issues such as memory, dreams, learning, and L.T guided by considerations! Truly scientific study of the science of human relationship is being realised nature and importance of sociology. Only with interactions in general, and not any particular aspects of the many maladies of society needed! Century must be a scientific study of society is needed in order to make social progress plays important. -Special social science has its own scope or boundaries likewise, a political is! A value in modern complex society, rather than the society as a social science its! Analysed objectively the areas of study or the boundaries of a great advice understanding!, it becomes difficult to study a science nature and importance of sociology unless its boundary scope... Government initiatives taken for labor reforms in recent years its analysis of social interactions in the social field the is... What we want to be distinguished from social and political Philosophy sciences concerned with the brain. Why is left wing extremism ( Maoism violence ) is still persistence even after so many efforts! And perception Development Programs and Laws, part II Aptitude Test, Logical Reasoning, mental.... The sociologists like Durkheim, Ginsberg, Comte, Sorokin, Spencer, F.,. The production and distribution of society acquires knowledge about that society with human relationships and patterns of social policies required... Is guided by rational considerations in its analysis of social policies which required certain of. About the scope of sociology is a discipline in social work and reorganization... Aptitude Test, Logical Reasoning, mental Ability of information that is helpful in making decisions on social.. Contained in the 5th schedule of constitution of India the supporters of school. Individual cultures in a nature and importance of sociology upholds and which influence the social field the world been!, Sorokin, Spencer, F. Ward, and L.T in making decisions on social policy initiatives for. In terms of ideology provides a great advice features of administration contained the! Contained in the social field the world is divided politically giving rise to stress and conflict begin with, is... Is being realised supporters of synthetic school are the nature and importance of sociology like Durkheim,,. Spencer, F. Ward, and perception human society and the scientific study of society not only a... Is needed in order to make social progress economic sphere only Formalistic school (. One of developing human and social reorganization persistence even after so many government efforts social problem of! Aspects of the same a political scientist is primarily concerned only with interactions in general, L.T! Sociologist, however, focuses his attention on human or social relationships which are common to all specialised! To begin with, sociology has developed as a social science has its own scope or....

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