nominative vs genitive

[Nominative, Genitive] It was [a small room]. So мой отец becomes моего отца: The possessive pronoun мой/моего means that we are talking about my father, i.e. Genitive shows the owner, and answers the question whose?. It's an important case because objects are often in partitive case. What are the use cases for all of these? How do we get to know the total mass of an atmosphere? modified by number and gender. In both cases, the accusative is used for the direct object (дом and отца), but animate objects just take a different form of the accusative, that happens to look the same as the genitive case. Meaning of the Term "Heavy Metals" in CofA? Possessive pronouns may be said to describe quality (well, sort of), so the ones which do decline do so very much like adjectives. Very often they are in Genitive. Nominative is the basic case found in dictionaries, it answers the question what?. Do you have money? Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Я видел твой дом. Many prepositions like от, из, для, без, etc. One exception is words ending with s. Then it's reversed: nominative is in weak grade, and genitive in the strong grade: Note also, that in this word type the last s disappears and the last vowel is long. Of particular conflict is the genitive case (which I admit we haven't covered yet) whose purpose seems to be indicating possession - Моего, Твоего, etc. Sometimes the s must be left out, and vowel lengthened: Sometimes de need to be added, if the word ends with -us: The last i becomes e in genitive in some words: If there is a short e in the ending of the word, it becomes long e (e:ee). So far so good. Please critique. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. The thing being acted upon by the action. Why is the concept of injective functions difficult for my students? So what happens if it's the house of my father? Его, её and их look the same in all cases, genders and numbers. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. After some prepositions. Accusative: Direct object case. Nominative doesn't have any ending in singular. In your I met my cat example the reflexive possessive pronoun свой must replace the normal possessive pronoun because it refers to the subject pronoun я. Here, I would be in the nominative since it is I that was doing the verb (eating). Do I have to say Yes to "have you ever used any other name?" site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Viewed 978 times 5. The possession here is expressed by the possessive pronoun мой — 1st person, masculine, singular (and, incidentally, Nominative). What I meant is that historically it was exactly Genitive that was used in the meaning of accusative with the animate direct objects. A sentence like. - I've seen your house. When I looked ahead I was surprised to find that these pronouns are further declined by case. Nominative doesn't have any ending in singular. The Genitive case of my father has nothing to do with the fact that we are talking about my father but expresses the fact that the house in question belongs to that very old man (who by a totally unrelated twist of circumstances belongs to me). "У кого-то есть что-то" is one of the easiest example for the use of Genitive, so might as well try that: Here, мой, твой, наш take Genitive because брат, сестра and папа have to be in Genitive in the first place, and possessives just follow. What is this hole above the intake of engines of Mil helicopters? Words ending nen. Many loan words belong to this group. Here is what they look like in English: nominative - subject e.g.

Raymond's Run Quizlet, Ennai Thalatta Varuvala Lyrics English, Providence College Graduate Tuition, Mcm Crossbody Bag Sale, Queens Apartments For Rent Under $600, Smartrg Sr808ac Login, Bradford White Defender Water Heater Price,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *