Studies included in this review are available in Supplementary data, Table S1. This paper presents an integrative review aimed at examining the findings of existing research studies (1998–2011) of health promotion practice by nurses. To facilitate that process, we must provide people with appropriate information. computers) and health education material (Robinson and Hill, 1998; Reeve et al., 2004; Runciman et al., 2006; Casey, 2007b; Kelley and Abraham, 2007; Wilhelmsson and Lindberg, 2009; Beaudet et al., 2011). These papers revealed that nurses had knowledge of community-orientated health promotion: they were expected to use health surveillance strategies, work collaboratively with other professionals and groups and respect and interact with different cultures. Concepts and examples of nurses' health promotion competencies. According to these papers the theoretical basis of health promotion reflects the type of practical actions undertaken by nurses to promote the health of patients, families and communities. These are examples of situations where access to accurate health information can assist people in staying healthy. Hospital News is Canada's health care newspaper since 1987. The most common factor influencing the concept of health promotion orientation was individual perspective (Robinson and Hill, 1998; Hopia et al., 2004; Runciman et al., 2006; Casey, 2007a; Chambres and Thompson, 2009; Samarasinghe et al., 2010; Povlsen and Borup, 2011). Integrative reviews have the potential to generate a comprehensive understanding, based on separate research findings, of problems related to health care (Kirkevold, 1997; Whittemore and Knafl, 2005). Several different databases were searched to identify relevant published material. Concepts and examples of the types of nurses' expertise as health promoters. Whitehead, 2008; Witt and Puntel de Almeida, 2008; Fagerström, 2009; Goodman et al., 2011). Everyone will interact with a nurse at some point in their lives. Yes, I do believe that nurses play just as an important role in caring for the well as they do in caring for the sick. Nurses play a huge role in illness prevention and health promotion. The first defining concept of public health orientation was disease prevention (Berg et al., 2005; Whitehead, 2006c, Folke et al., 2007; Irvine, 2007; Fagerström, 2009; Richard et al., 2010). In addition, nurses need to have the ability to apply this knowledge to their health promotion activities (Burge and Fair, 2003; Spear, 2004; Irvine, 2005; Runciman et al., 2006; Piper, 2008; Witt and Puntel de Almeida, 2008). According to WHO, vaccination prevents up to three million deaths per year. Data were analysed and the results are presented using the concept map method of Novak and Gowin. (iii) Start to construct the concept map by placing the key concepts at the top of the hierarchy. Nurses are practicing health promotion strategies constantly. Several authors have identified a need to clarify the concept of health promotion in nursing (Goodman et al., 2011; Whitehead, 2011). Irvine, 2005, 2007; Witt and Puntel de Almeida, 2008; Wilhelmsson and Lindberg, 2009). First, organizational culture consisted of three supportive aspects: hospital managers, culture of health and education. were involved in the concept mapping process. Normative values of muscle strength across ages in a 'real world' population: results from the longevity check-up 7+ project. Anyone can call in with a question, concern or health issue and gain information while being advised of a plan of action right over the phone. The role of nurses has included clinical nursing practices, consultation, follow-up treatment, patient education and illness prevention. Second, one researcher (V.K.) In addition, health promotion by nurses can lead to many positive health outcomes including adherence, quality of life, patients' knowledge of their illness and self-management (Bosch-Capblanc et al., 2009; Keleher et al., 2009). Hospital News covers developments and issues that affect all health care professionals, administrators, patients, visitors and students. Nurses' knowledge of health promotion and their relevant practical skills were described in 18 research papers (McDonald, 1998; Nacion et al., 2000; Burge and Fair, 2003; Whitehead, 2003; Hopia et al., 2004; Reeve et al., 2004; Spear, 2004; Cross, 2005; Irvine, 2005, 2007; Rush et al., 2005; Jerden et al., 2006; Casey, 2007b; Kelley and Abraham, 2007; Piper, 2008; Witt and Puntel de Almeida, 2008; Wilhelmsson and Lindberg, 2009; Goodman et al., 2011). Systematic searches of the Cochrane databases, Cinahl, PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO and Scopus databases were undertaken using the search string ‘nurs* AND professional competence* OR clinical competence* OR professional skill* OR professional knowledg* OR clinical skill* OR clinical knowledg* AND health promotion OR preventive health care OR preventive healthcare’. According to much of the health promotion research, it appears that nurses have not yet demonstrated a clear and obvious political role in implementing health promotion activities. This has improved the availability of health-care services, reduced symptoms of chronic diseases, increased cost-effectiveness and enhanced customers' experiences of health-care services (Strömberg et al., 2003; Griffiths et al., 2007). Nurses consider health promotion important but a number of obstacles associated with organizational culture prevent effective delivery. 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