Stay informed by subscribing to our e-mail notification service! However, in a SARE-funded project that compared organic and conventional apple production across California, Sean Swezy, formerly a researcher at the University of California and now director of UC-SAREP, found production costs of organic apples 10 to 25 percent higher than conventional ones in the coastal fresh market systems due to labor and material costs. This study uses ARMS data that include information about the production practices and costs of U.S. commodity production—corn in 2010, wheat in 2009, and soybeans in 2006. Operating costs include costs for seed; fertilizer; chemicals; custom operations; fuel, lubrication, and electricity; repairs; purchased irrigation water; hired labor; and operating interest. These comparisons are reported for a variety of foods sold in retail food stores. Capital costs include the annualized cost of maintaining the capital used in production, and costs for non-real estate property taxes and insurance. On her farm, she expects a 37.5 percent operating profit margin, largely due to lower input costs and a premium price for organic poultry, hay and row crops. The yield differences estimated from USDA farm data are similar to those estimated by comparing USDA’s 2011 Certified Organic Production Survey with USDA’s 2011 Crop Production Report. Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education. “High yields are not always connected to profitability,” said Wende Elliott. He said to himself that agriculture is not profitable at all and planned to migrate to Hyderabad for better earnings. One possible reason is the ease of producing for the conventional market. The Profit Potential of Certified Organic Field Crop Production Organic farming profit in 1 acre; For example, per acre produce of organic wheat was 9.18 quintals, while the yield of conventional wheat was 16.74 quintals per acre. Thus organic farming requires more on-farm management. “Looking beyond production and making decisions based on profitability and the bottom line makes good business sense,” McCrory said. These cost estimates are based on the farm survey yield and cost data. One reason for the low levels of organic adoption among U.S. field crop producers may be a lack of information about the relative costs and returns of organic and conventional production systems on commercial farms, and the performance of farms choosing the organic approach. Estimates of an economic loss per acre for organic versus conventional wheat is consistent with the recent decline in organic wheat acreage. Despite these potentially higher returns from organic production, adoption of the organic approach among U.S. field crop producers remains low. Organic grain and soybean production systems are “competitive with conventional production systems.” In fact, with current market premiums, producers of organic grain and soybeans earn higher profits than conventional growers. Most organic corn is fed to livestock. However, statewide, the organic systems were determined to be commercially profitable. Among three major field crops—corn, soybeans, and wheat—certified organic production of corn increased the most. Similar to findings from experimental data, which primarily examine only operating costs, analysis of USDA survey data show mean operating, and operating plus capital costs per acre for crop production were generally less for organic than for conventional farms. The animal pharmaceutical industry continues to develop new drugs, but a growing share are generic versions of existing animal drugs or are designed for companion animals (instead of food animals). Organic farming systems are often more labor intensive because of increased time spent managing weeds and monitoring pests. Profit and Returns from organic vegetable cultivation. A recent study in a corn-soybean system in Iowa found costs of conventional production were only slightly higher than organic. Production costs tend to be lower in established organic systems because of reduced input costs. Organic corn and soybeans have been profitable, primarily due to the significant price premiums paid for certified organic crops that more than offset the additional economic costs. Easy-To-Build structures remains low Maryland to develop and disseminate information about sustainable agriculture they were transitioning organic. 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