red yeast rice cholesterol

Longe, J., ed. It is also a digestive stimulant. However, consuming red yeast rice may yield potentially dangerous side effects. Journoud, M. and Jones, P. LifeSciences, 2004. And some studies have shown that certain red yeast rice supplements can lower LDL “bad” cholesterol. Red yeast rice is an effective and well-tolerated alternative remedy for high cholesterol, especially for people who cannot tolerate statins. Get Tips to Avoid Health Problems, Slideshow: 16 Tips to Lower Cholesterol and Prevent Heart Disease, Slideshow: Cholesterol Too High? Despite the FDA's attempts, many people in the U.S. still manage to get similar red yeast rice extracts from other countries or on the Internet. One of the most important ingredients in RYRE is monacolin K. It's also known as lovastatin, the active ingredient in the prescription drug Mevacor. However, I recently heard on a newscast that red yeast rice can have adverse effects on … It contains several substances that may reduce cholesterol levels, including beta-sterols, monounsaturated fatty acids, and a statin. Side effects from prescription lovastatin include elevation of liver enzymes and muscle enzymes, muscle problems, and liver problems. Soy Protein and Cholesterol: Benefits, Risks, How Much to Eat, Drugs to suppress the immune system, like. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts. According to some clinical studies with red yeast rice containing a “substatial amount” of monocolin K, the tested products lowered both total cholesterol levels as well as LDL cholesterol levels (the ‘bad’ cholesterol). Alternative Treatments for High Cholesterol, Diabetes? Is Red Yeast Rice Extract a Drug or a Supplement? These uses of red yeast rice, however, have not been tested scientifically. Red yeast rice is made by culturing rice with various strains of the yeast Monascus purpureus. On the other, the pharmaceutical manufacturer of Mevacor argues that it owns the rights to the ingredient lovastatin. Is High Cholesterol Putting Your Health at Risk? It can decrease your LDL cholesterol and total cholesterol without adversely impacting good HDL cholesterol levels in your body. Although this was a small study, further studies and reviews have determined similar cholesterol-lowering effects, though some to more modest degrees. Red yeast rice does not occur naturally in other foods. Nies, L. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, November 2006. NIH web site: "Red Yeast Rice." There are other traditional medicinal uses of red yeast rice: to reduce swelling and digestion problems, and to treat cuts and wounds, cancer, and other conditions. No. Studies have shown that certain red yeast rice products that contain statin can significantly lower levels of total cholesterol and specifically LDL, or "bad" cholesterol… Alternative Medicine Review, 2004. How Well Does Red Yeast Rice Lower Cholesterol? PDRhealth web site: "Red Yeast Rice. Alternative Treatments for High Cholesterol, Diabetes? I've read that red yeast rice has many of the cholesterol-lowering benefits of a statin, and I would rather go the natural route. Studies have shown that side effects are mild, like headaches, heartburn, and upset stomach. All rights reserved. FDA web site: "FDA Warns Consumers to Avoid Red Yeast products Promoted on Internet as Treatments for High Cholesterol." ", Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database: "Red Yeast.". One study of different brands of red yeast rice supplements showed that the amount of monacolin ranged from 0% to 0.58%. The extract of red yeast rice (RYR) is the most effective cholesterol-lowering nutraceutical on the market. For now, you should be cautious. Whatever the state of your health, always talk to your doctor before you start using red yeast rice or any other supplement. Experts have not studied it extensively. There are many different strains of the yeast. Remember that not all brands are equal, and that RYRE isn't safe for everyone. MedicineNet web site: "Red Yeast Rice and Cholesterol: A Critical Review." Drugs That May Help. "  RYR is a rice product made by fermenting rice with the mold Monascus purpureus. Quality and active ingredients in supplements may vary widely from maker to maker. Background: In recent years, red yeast rice (RYR) supplements have been marketed aggressively as a natural way to lower cholesterol; however, the large majority of commercially available products have not been studied according to current research standards. One component of red yeast rice, monacolin K, is similar to the active ingredient of some of the cholesterol lowering drugs called statins. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. However, with a supplement, there's less assurance regarding quality and how much active ingredient is actually in the product. If you are interested in adding red yeast rice to your diet, talk to your health care provider first. Several types of the extract are sold as supplements. Journoud, M. and Jones, P., Life Sciences, 2004. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. My bad cholesterol has been rising, and my doctor suggested that I start taking a statin. What Is Red Yeast Rice? But whether it works with products with little monocolin K content is still not certain. You should not take it if you: In addition, anyone taking one of the following medicines should not use red yeast rice: People who have allergies to fungus or yeast should also be wary of using RYRE. Nies, L., Annals of Pharmacotherapy, November, 2006.  Red yeast rice is capable of lowering blood cholesterol levels and total blood cholesterol levels. The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, second edition, 2004.Â, MedicineNet: "Red Yeast Rice and Cholesterol: A Critical Review. All rights reserved. And because the ingredients of different brands of red yeast rice extract might vary so much, it's hard to make firm statements about its effectiveness or safety. Experts say that the risks of lovastatin would logically apply to RYRE -- elevation of liver and muscle enzymes, muscle problems, and liver problems. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. The extract may also interact with other drugs for blood pressure and thyroid problems and interact with other herbs and supplements you may be taking. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. ", Natural Standard Patient Monograph: "Red yeast rice.". One showed that taking 2.4 grams per day reduced LDL levels by 22% and total cholesterol by 16% in 12 weeks. Red yeast rice (Monascus purpureus) is a source of naturally occurring statins, the same class of prescription drugs used to lower and control cholesterol. As a result, many red yeast rice products have been marketed as natural, cholesterol-lowering remedies. While the supplement is generally considered safe, it might carry the same potential side effects as statin cholesterol drugs.Red yeast rice might cost less than a statin. Red yeast rice does not seem to be as effective as most conventional statin drugs, however. Though red yeast rice extract looks like a promising treatment, more research needs to be done. Given the lack of evidence about its safety, red yeast rice is not recommended for children or for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter. But more research needs to be done before we can know about the long-term safety of red yeast rice extract. It's also used as a food coloring, additive, and preservative. This makes it very hard to establish a standard dose. One study in 25 people showed that red yeast rice lowered total cholesterol by an average of 15% and “bad” LDL cholesterol by 21% over about two months of treatment . Quiz: Can Supplements Help Your Cholesterol. SOURCES: So on one hand, the extract is a traditional remedy that helps lower cholesterol. The recommended dose of red yeast rice is 1,200 mg taken orally twice daily with food. What Are the Risks of Taking Red Yeast Rice? Different types of fermentation are used. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts. Red yeast rice has been used as a food additive and medicine in parts of Asia for centuries. These include a number of monacolins, most importantly monacolin K. It also contains sterols, isoflavones, and monounsaturated fatty acids, or "healthy fats.". It could be dangerous for some people. Keep in mind that the amount of monacolin -- perhaps the most important ingredient -- in a red yeast rice extract can vary a lot. One component of red yeast rice, monacolin K, is similar to the active ingredient of some of the cholesterol lowering drugs called statins. Red yeast rice extract (RYRE) is a traditional Chinese medicine that has been purported to lower cholesterol. This confusion extends to how the supplement is sold in the U.S. Because red yeast rice extract contains a substance classified as a prescription drug, the FDA has requested that several RYRE products be withdrawn from the market because they contained monacolin K. The FDA cited a risk of severe muscle problems that could lead to kidney disease. 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