FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn Russian with real-world videos. These are indeclinable words borrowed from other languages. Their grammatical gender often depends on the gender of Russian generic words denoting the relevant class. Click here to get a copy. The grammatical gender of these nouns may depend on the gender of Russian generic words denoting the relevant class of places. There are three different genders, and each of them behaves a little differently than the others. FluentU brings language learning to life with real-world videos. Top 500 Russian Nouns. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you Let’s play a game with them to illustrate the regularity of Russian noun genders. Show Your Gratitude with These 8 Ways to Say Thank You in Russian, Learn Russian Fast! Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. There are some exceptions, but there aren’t a lot—we’ll discuss them at the end. Fundamental » All languages » Russian » Lemmas » Nouns » Nouns by inflection type » Nouns by stem type and gender » Soft-stem masculine-form » Accent-d. Russian soft-stem, usually masculine nouns, normally ending in -ь in the nominative singular and -и in the nominative plural. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240), Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book. So Russian noun gender is a lot more regular than gender in most other languages in the world. Words that end in a soft sign can be either masculine or feminine. Every noun comes with two examples and an audio recording. Let’s go! Nouns are masculine if they: Denote male persons, animals, etc: папа - dad This page continues the frequency list for 500 widely used Russian … If you want to learn exactly which of the words ending in a soft sign are masculine and feminine, I recommend you check out this list of the 500 most common nouns in Russian. - Common nouns that denote male persons. Then you add “ая” for feminine nouns and “ое” for neuter. This is the most difficult exception. These are words borrowed from other languages that usually require consultation with dictionary to ascertain their gender. There are three noun genders. Also, the way nouns change their ending according to the role they play in a sentence is dependent on gender. Apart from learning noun genders, this list is also a great resource in general to learn new words. Which means that in order to speak Russian correctly, you simply must know which gender a word is. Sure, there may be some rules that say what words are masculine and which ones are feminine (or neuter if you took German). For example, маленький (small). Masculine nouns are nouns ending in a consonant: студ е н т (a student boy) сто л (a table) трамв а й (a tramway) The letter й is a semi consonnant. There is also a large group of masculine nouns ending in - а /- я which includes nouns denoting male persons and nouns derived from other masculine nouns. The stem ends in a soft consonant and is Zaliznyak's type 2. Words that end in a soft sign can be either masculine or feminine. can take anywhere. If you want to learn more about Russian cases, and how the different genders relate to them, check out this post, where we discuss Russian cases in more detail. If so, you know that one of the most frustrating parts of that language is noun gender. Lastly, some words are just a little different. But that doesn’t mean that there are no exceptions. All the others are feminine nouns. Need a review? Just Press Play! You may need to check this section several times, but eventually you’ll remember them. Examples of masculine nouns ending in a consonant: In general, masculine nouns may end in any vowel. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. Which is by far enough to speak Russian well. Not to mention the articles and adjectives that need to match a word’s gender. FluentU takes real-world videos—like movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language lessons. Such words usually occur in colloquial Russian. Sound confusing? In majority of instances, nouns ending in a consonant or -й are masculine. We’ll discuss which words change according to the gender of the noun, and exactly how to distinguish between genders. Masculine Nouns. Some common examples of words ending in a soft sign are: Of the above, only день and путь are masculine. Nouns that end in a vowel and are masculine include: The grammatical gender of these nouns is determined the biological gender. The gender of Russian nouns is clearly expressed only in the singular form and is usually shown by its ending. Basically, by looking at the last letter of each word, you can almost instantly see which gender it is. Luckily, the exceptions are also pretty regular. There are 3 genders in the Russian language - Masculine, Feminine, and Neuter. Russian noun gender is surprisingly… regular. Luckily, they also follow an intuitive approach. They may be subdivided into the following groups: - Names of male persons (proper names). 13 Free Russian Learning Resources That Won’t Cost You One Thin Ruble! Russian masculine nouns may end in a consonant, a vowel or - ь. - Indeclinable names of islands. (I told you yesterday.). These is a group of originally masculine nouns: дедушка grandfather, дядя uncle, мужчина man, папа dad, юноша young person. You’ll have to learn these words by heart. There are a few names ending in -a in Russian, and usually names of males end in a consonant or -й. But a female person would say (or write): Я сказала тебе вчера. I’ll list each gender together with five examples. Now you can use the above rules to help form adjectives or past tense verbs. If not, try pronouncing the words out loud and see if you find a connection! Instead of learning the gender of a specific word by heart, all you have to do is learn the specific characteristics of each gender. Russian might be a tough language to learn, but it’s these little parts that are easier than other languages that always make me smile. Here are the exceptions to the Russian noun genders. Let’s take the example of большой (big): So all you have to do is take the adjective in its regular form, and then remove the masculine ending (that’s how they’re usually depicted in the dictionary). The vast majority of declinable masculine nouns end in a consonant or -ь. Please check your email for further instructions. Here are the exceptions to the Russian noun genders. So when in doubt, go for that gender. They are masculine because the generic word город city is masculine in Russian. You’ll have to learn these words by heart. To start understanding Russian noun gender as it’s naturally used in authentic contexts, try FluentU. Masculine nouns that end on -а or -я There are exceptions where masculine nouns can end with -а or -я, just like feminine nouns. Excited for another easy part of the Russian language? (My car broke down.). At the same time, most diminutive forms of Russian masculine names will have -а/-я on its end. You still change the endings as usual (маленькая is feminine and маленькое neuter). So that you can modify other words. So, to put it all together: There are enough reasons to get to know your Russian noun genders. Did you get it? So if you want to say that your car broke down, you need to know the gender of your car: Моя машина сломалась. Some adjectives also have “ее” for neuter nouns, and some masculine have “ый.” Don’t worry about this at the start, though. The vast majority of declinable masculine nouns end in a consonant or - ь.
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