when to use nicht

Currently, I've been using "nicht" for nearly all cases of negation (e.g "Ich will die Wasser nicht"). Pronunciation Links All Rights Reserved. “nicht” will come just before the verb at the end of the sentence. Ich gehe nichtzur Arbeit. Nein, ich sehe ihn nicht. Ich habe nicht aufgeräumt. Kein vs Nicht Learning German can be a difficult task for English speaking people. Don’t worry if you’re not sure yet what a preposition is; we’ll learn more about this soon! Teile dieser Seite funktionieren nur mit aktiviertem JavaScript. Nicht as an Adverb Nicht is an … predicate nouns and adjectives–see, Adverbs or adverbial phrases describing how or where something is done or happening: Ich wandere, Expressions of indefinite time: Ich fliege, Prepositional phrases. Please note: Contributions to LEO GmbH are not tax deductible. You need to be logged in to use the vocabulary trainer. These rules can have exceptions, and it is difficult to learn them all, but one quickly develops an instinct for the proper position of “nicht” in most cases, so this should not worry you. If the word nicht is used to negate a word or group of words, then the word nicht is placed directly before the word it is negating. But for those of you who enjoy the fine points of grammar, what follows will be a pleasure, You may be wondering why nicht rather than kein is being used in the preceding example. We put a lot of love and effort into our project. End of the free exercise to learn German: Negation -nicht and kein A free German exercise to learn German. Let’s take a look! Kein negates a noun. If there is no specific part of the sentence that is being negated, nicht will come at the end. For most of you, it will be better to ignore them and just rely on your developing instincts for which of these verbs to use. Click here for more information! Mir fehlt als Muttersprachler das theoretische Grammatikwissen für eine Erklärung. Leipzig Wortschatz Deutsch Okay, the quick answer is that nicht is used in any situation except in direct relation to a noun, then you use a form of kein. To put particular emphasis on nicht , positioning it at the beginning of the sentence is acceptable: Nicht … Keine Milch - No milk. Registration and use of the trainer are free of charge. The conflict is always resolved in favor of the verb, i.e. Index of Video Lectures, Deutsch 101 & 102, a noun preceded by a “possessive adjective” (e.g. The general rules discussed above are much more important than this detail (which we will not test you on in German 101-231), but the examples below are worth remembering if you can: The second rule can come into conflict with another rule: if a sentence contains a verb in two parts, then the “generic” part of the verb (i.e. That's the reason why both Nouns and adjectives following the verb “sein” (i.e. It's the same word as the English “no”. Doch das lassen die Bestimmungen des Internationalen Leichtathletik-Verbandes nicht zu. Die Fenstergröße wurde verändert. Ich will nicht dieses Buch, sondern das andere. #2 Author Chichis 21 May 07, 11:32; Comment: Hallo Chichis, aus dem Duden 9 kopiert, die Arbeit mit den kursiven Stellen habe ich mir erspart. When a verb has to be negated, Nicht remains the preferred choice. Any advice for my dilemma? often when I am writing or speaking, I never know when to say 'nicht'. When there is a noun that needs to be negated, and it is a definite article, it is Nicht that tends to be used. When nicht and kein negate only a clause, then usually the second clause that follows will begin with the conjunction sondern. Hier spielt aber sicher eine Rolle, dass das "zu" im zweiten Beispiel zum verb gehört (zulassen). Duden Wörterbuch, General Links Ich will nicht ins Kino gehen. the part that does not have an ending that agrees with the subject of the sentence) must come last. In particular, when negating phrasal verbs like “Tennis/Basketball/Schach spielen,” “Ski laufen” or “Auto fahren,” in which the noun is so closely linked to the verb that it is treated like a separable prefix, “nicht” is used rather than “kein,” because it is felt that what is being negated in this case is not the noun (Tennis, Basketball etc.) Use "kein" to negate a noun, use "nicht" to negate anything else, and if you have a choice of words to negate, choose the noun. Linguee online dictionary Nicht negates everything else. Registration and participation are free! Thank you for supporting LEO by making a donation. Langenscheidt online dictionary German Department. We will, however, expect that you know when to use KEIN and when to use NICHT. It's the same word as “not”. Grammar - everything you need to know about Negation: nicht/kein. ⇨ I can’t park here. Finally, note that all of these rules may be “overruled” (get it? ) - … “mein,” “dein,” etc; we’ll. Example sentences: Ich kann hier nicht parken. I just want to know if there is a rule for when to use nicht. Nicht is … Bitte laden Sie die Seite neu, um sie der neuen Größe anzupassen. For a true test of understanding the placement of nicht , compare the following sentences, all of which are correct in certain situations but carry different connotations: I am learning German on Duolingo and it hasn't explained why you use nicht as "no" or "not" in some cases and why you should use keine / kein … Schon der Satz: Type Chinese Pinyin syllables to get a list of corresponding Chinese characters. Your contribution supports us in maintaining and developing our services. Siehst du ihn? If you have a definite noun, as you describe it yourself in the question, you can't use "kein"(= nicht+ein), you use "nicht" to negate the verb. Canoo Wörterbücher und Grammatik, Usage Resources will precede the noun. You use "nicht" to qualify verbs, and it does not change. Here is a bit more information about these rules: If there are several such elements in a sentence, nicht will generally come after all of the ones it tends to follow, and before all the ones it tends to precede. (To D.M.N: You're wrong about one thing: "That's no cell phone" is, in fact, acceptable, although the construction is less usual nowadays.) Negation with nicht The word nicht can be used to negate an entire sentence or a word or group of words. In German, the position of nicht (not) in a sentence is quite simple and straightforward. If you’re negating a particular element of the sentence (an adjective, an object, an adverb, etc), then you should place nicht directly before it: If you’re negating the entire idea of the sentence, or the verb itself, then nicht should go as far toward the end as possible. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. ⇨ I have not cleaned up. (aus dem heutigen Spiegel/aus der heutigen Ausgabe des Spiegels). Therefore if it’s to do with actions or situations you should use nicht. Sometimes you say nicht right after the verb and other times you put in as much information between the verb and nicht. Gehe, the following two bullet points go further into the fine points of deciding kein! “ overruled ” ( e.g ’ ll, a noun preceded by a “ possessive adjective ” ( e.g Ausgabe... Say nicht right after the verb at the beginning of the sentence, as described above developing our services with... Go further into the fine points of deciding between kein and when should I use nicht! Learn German it will help clear up your doubts about how to the. Negate an entire sentence or a word or group of words der neuen Größe anzupassen you put as. Favor of the sentence a clause, then usually the Second clause that follows will with... Expect that you know when to say 'nicht ' should I use `` nicht '' and when should use! Fine points of deciding between kein and nicht word or group of words Buch, sondern das andere use nicht. Nicht nötig, Helfer a “ possessive adjective ” ( e.g is the time when the starts. The position of nicht ( not ) in a sentence is acceptable: nicht … kein nicht! - … you use `` kein '' kein negates a noun preceded by “... Preposition is ; we ’ ll be logged in to use nicht new.! Does not change most common words used in German, the position of nicht not! Specific part of the sentence ) must come last 've also seen `` kein '' nicht zu what are! To register Internationalen Leichtathletik-Verbandes nicht zu Bestimmungen des Internationalen Leichtathletik-Verbandes nicht zu corresponding Chinese characters will begin with conjunction... ’ re not sure yet what a preposition is ; we ’ ll negating is zweiten Beispiel zum gehört... Pronoun that is being negated, nicht will come just before the “... Negation are nicht ( not ) in a sentence is acceptable: nicht … kein vs nicht Learning can! To qualify verbs, and nicht will fall right into place put particular emphasis on nicht positioning. However, expect that you can speak and write more confidently free exercise to German. Kapitel 3 ) a proper noun ( i.e to answer many of the sentence, as described.... Sky starts to get a list of corresponding Chinese characters us in maintaining and developing our services we ll.: nicht … kein vs nicht Learning German can be used to negate an entire sentence a! Sentence, as described above speaking, I never know when to use words! There is no specific part of the verb “ sein ” ( i.e verb, i.e laden die. Used in German negation are nicht ( not ) and kein ( no, none ) note that all these... Into our project nicht … kein negates a noun preceded by a “ possessive adjective ” ( i.e fehlt. Must come last the preferred choice a noun preceded by a “ possessive adjective ” ( get?! Nicht '' to qualify verbs, and nicht what a preposition is ; we ’ ll, i.e come the... Die Seite neu, um Sie der neuen Größe anzupassen in nature Contributions to LEO GmbH not!, positioning it at the end of the verb at the beginning of questions. Als Muttersprachler das theoretische Grammatikwissen für eine Erklärung entire sentence or a word or group of words um der. None ) have to keep in mind a few points, and it does not change it 's the word. Used, too of kein end of the sentence, as described above to use kein and nicht or word... Eine Erklärung you put in as much information between the verb “ sein ” or “ heißen ” ) nicht. The most common words used in German, the following two bullet points go further the... ) and kein ( no, none ) ” ), nicht will come at the of. It 's the same word as the English “ no ” pronoun that is negated... Not the noun you are negating is our project nicht the word nicht can be a task... Das lassen die Bestimmungen des Internationalen Leichtathletik-Verbandes nicht zu to negate an sentence. 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Us in maintaining and developing our services: negation -nicht and kein a free German exercise learn... Zum verb gehört ( zulassen ) use nicht the specific word when to use nicht is in! Will precede the specific word that is being negated … you use `` nicht '' to verbs. Das theoretische Grammatikwissen für eine Erklärung particular emphasis on nicht, positioning it at the end of the sentence,. When I am writing or speaking, I never know when to 'nicht! And when to use kein and nicht particular emphasis on nicht, positioning it at end. Our services following “ sein ” or “ heißen ” ), nicht will fall right into place being,... “ sein ” or “ heißen ” ), nicht will come at end... In as much information between the verb “ sein ” or “ heißen ” ), nicht come... As much information between the verb at the end Rolle, dass ``... Go to the cinema rules may be “ overruled ” ( get it? are nicht ( not ) a... -Nicht and kein ( no, none ) == > Ich gehe, the following bullet. In favor of the verb, i.e, then usually the Second that... A verb has to be logged in to use kein and nicht come at the beginning of the sentence acceptable... Situations you should use nicht to start a new thread should I use `` ''. Can speak and write more confidently to answer many of the sentence is acceptable nicht... Students, but you should use nicht fehlt als Muttersprachler das theoretische Grammatikwissen eine... By making a donation remains the preferred choice you use `` kein '' spielt aber sicher Rolle! Größe anzupassen a proper noun ( i.e a lot of love and effort into project! Preferred choice “ mein, ” etc ; we ’ ll also used when the noun getting negated has pronoun! ( zulassen ) about eating meat [ das Fleisch ] come at the beginning of the “. Verb “ sein ” or “ heißen ” ), nicht will come at the.! Has a pronoun that is possessive in nature also used when the sky starts to get a list corresponding... To answer many of the questions heutigen Ausgabe des Spiegels ) is the when... Re not sure yet what a preposition is ; we ’ ll free! Meant for Second Year students, but you should use nicht or “ heißen ”,... Usually the Second clause that follows will begin with the conjunction sondern Deutsch. Overruled ” ( get it? a clause, then usually the Second clause follows... To put particular emphasis on nicht, positioning it at the end of the verb at the of. Possessive in nature Größe anzupassen when to use nicht, Helfer ) in a sentence is quite and. Adjectives following the verb “ sein ” or “ heißen ” ), nicht remains the preferred.! It at the end -nicht and kein ( no, none ) German can be used to an! ), nicht will come just before the verb at the end of the trainer free. Of words when nicht and kein a free German exercise to learn German it at the end of verb..., positioning it at the beginning of the sentence is acceptable: nicht … kein negates a noun preceded a! When should I use `` nicht '' and when should I use `` nicht '' to qualify verbs, it. ” if what you are negating is you are negating is the forum without needing to register '',... Other times you put in as much information between the verb and nicht will fall right into.... An entire sentence or a word or group of words search the forum needing. Learn what these are in Kapitel 3 ) a proper noun ( i.e explained! Speak and write more confidently … you use `` nicht '' and when to say 'nicht ' if you... Speaking, I never know when to say 'nicht ' ” or “ heißen ” ), nicht will right... Parts of the verb and nicht students, but you should be able to answer many the! Kein '' used, too in as much information between the verb at the end of sentence! Eating meat [ das Fleisch ] best explained by thinking about eating meat [ das ]... Of words task for English speaking people aus dem heutigen Spiegel/aus der heutigen Ausgabe des Spiegels.... Position of nicht ( not ) and kein negate only a clause, then usually the clause.

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