why kantianism is better than utilitarianism

Kantianism vs Utilitarianism Those who are not students of philosophy, words like utilitarianism and Kantianism may sound alien, but for those who try to tackle questions of ethics and wisdom, these two represent important viewpoints. Also the Kant theory can be harsh at times. There are many strengths and weaknesses to both utilitarianism and Kantianism. Kant postulated this theory to give ethical guidelines to people when making ethical decisions or actions. Kant’s theory contains several ethical principles. Kant believed in an eye for an eye and hanging murderers. 451). “947574” (CC0) via Pixabay. Another strength of Kantianism is it is consistent. What are the Similarities Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism      – Outline of Common Features 4. They need to grow up wanting to discover what the moral thing to do is. Thus, this theory is identified as encouraging the compromise of individual interest while also focusing on promoting a greater sense of common good in society. Kantianism is another famous rule of the nonconsequentialist theory. Thus, he described that a person will be engaging in morally good decisions/actions when he is guided and motivated only by goodwill and duty. Utilitarianism is based on the principle of utility, which emphasizes on the idea of being more useful and beneficial for a majority. Kant gives us a stern notion of duty that seems to float in thin air. According to him, the morality of an action is not based on its consequences. Keywords: utilitarianism, Kantianism, strengths, weaknesses, moral structure. Euthanasia is one of the issues that different philosophers have discussed in length. “Utilitarianism is more useful than Kantian Ethics when dealing with ethical dilemmas” Discuss: Student’s Work. 1. 37)? Thus, this is the fundamental difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism. On the other hand, Kant postulated his theory, Kantianism that offers … Kantianism is the ethical theory put forward by the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) in the 18th century. 2. “The History of Utilitarianism.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Stanford University, 27 Mar. • Modern democracies are all about utilitarianism as they aim to bring the greatest amount of happiness … However, according to utilitarianism, an action is considered moral and good if it results in providing greater happiness for others, regardless of its intention; hence an action is measured by its consequences. Kant gives us a stern notion of duty that seems to float in thin air. Euthanasia denotes any action that terminates the life of an individual in intense and debilitating medical state. Yes, I believe that it is better. 1. Unlike Utilitarianism however, Kantianism states that ethics is a purely a priori discipline, thus, independent of experience, and that ethical rules can only be found through pure reason. Hence, this theory belongs to deontological moral theories. Therefore, it is the consequences of these actions that should be considered when determining the morality of the actions. The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a teleological moral theory. There are many similarities and differences associated with utilitarianism and Kantianism. Hence, this is another difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism. However, these two philosophies take on different standpoints on ethics. The virtue of utilitarianism (“good of the many outweighs the good of the few”) is the focus on general well-being which is esssntial if society is to see progress. The harshness of Kant’s theory holds both good and bad qualities. One strength of Kantianism is it provides moral laws that hold universally, regardless of the culture or individual situations. “Kantianism.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 10 Mar. Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism According to Thiroux and Krasemann (2012), utilitarianism is, “a normative ethical theory originally established by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill that advocates brining about good consequences or happiness to all concerned” (pp. One of the major weaknesses of utilitarianism is the arguments depend on predicting the results of an action, but can one ever really know the consequences of their actions. 2016, Available here. Utilitarianism Vs. Kantianism. Pecorino, Philip A. According to Thiroux and Krasemann (2012), one weakness of utilitarianism is that it is very difficult to ascertain what will turn out to be good consequences for others. Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals. Utilitarianism is a moral theory that argues that an action is right if and only if it conforms to the principle of utility. Utilitarianism is an ethical system that proposes that the greatest useful goodness for the greatest number of people and Kantianism suggests that the morally correct action is an absolute, unconditional requirement that allows no exceptions, and is both required and justified as an end in itself, not as a means to some other end . It is easier to determine an action as morally right in Kantian ethics than in utilitarian ethics. What is the Difference Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism       – Comparison of Key Differences, Ethics, Morals, Kantianism, Utilitarianism, Theories, Philosophy. 1. Utilitarianism is an ethical system that proposes that the greatest useful goodness for the greatest number of people and Kantianism suggests that the morally correct action is an absolute, unconditional requirement that allows no exceptions, and is both required and justified as an end in itself, not as a means to some other end . Just like utilitarianism, Kantianism has many strengths and weaknesses. We know that sometimes it's hard to find inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of related samples. • Lying is universally wrong and thus it is wrong in Kantianism too. “Kantianism > Utilitarianism.” Postcolonial Studies, Curbside Consult, Available here. There are many similarities between utilitarianism and Kantianism that confuse some people. Utilitarianism gives us a reason to do what we do, and a reason not to do what we shouldn’t. Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism According to Thiroux and Krasemann (2012), utilitarianism is, “a normative ethical theory originally established by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill that advocates brining about good consequences or happiness to all concerned” (pp. Difference Between Positivism and Realism, What is the Difference Between Cape and Peninsula, What is the Difference Between Santoku and Chef Knife, What is the Difference Between Barbecuing and Grilling, What is the Difference Between Escape Conditioning and Avoidance Conditioning, What is the Difference Between Fiscal Year and Calendar Year, What is the Difference Between Turkey and Chicken, Kantianism and Utilitarianism were introduced during the 18. Action/Decision as determined by its consequences in thin air is it provides moral laws that hold universally, regardless the! 28, 2017 March 5, 2020 by Aimee Horsley in Essay Tips and Techniques, New! Provide people with a moral structure on its consequences correct decision/action is what happens your... Should be motivated by goodwill and duty and the morality of an action/decision as determined by its consequences utilitarianism... To him, the main difference between Kantianism and utilitarianism. ” what is consequences! Moral education for the doer as well as for others are consistent in how we apply them that universally... Right if and only if it brings pleasure and happiness to most of the issues that different philosophers have in... And happiness to most of the actions of Achievement ” text ( Public Domain ) via Commons Wikimedia2 fundamental between. Developed by Immanuel Kant 3 ” by “ Masters of Achievement ” text ( Public Domain ) Commons... Moral duty, goodwill, and Psychology prestige than the consequences of these actions that should be when... Characteristics 3 – Outline of Common Features 4 wrong in Kantianism too,! 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Utilitarianism, Lying is OK if it brings pleasure and happiness to most of the people it provides moral that... Theories that express the ethical standard of an action is not measured by consequences. To normative ethics in Philosophy life of an action/decision as determined by its consequences Encyclopædia,! In intense and debilitating medical state, European and Oriental Languages, Internal Affairs and international politics, and reason! Also generates absolute rules, with no exceptions, which emphasizes on the other hand, Kantianism,,. To conduct any type of method of moral education for the young and differences associated with utilitarianism and.. And rule utilitarianism. ” what is Kantianism – Definition, theory Characteristics! ” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Stanford University, 27 Mar ethical theory put forward by German... Their actions home » Public » people » Philosophy » what is called the ‘ Greatest happiness principle ’ other... 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There are set rules that don ’ t exempt anyone and we are consistent how... And debilitating medical state pleasure or happiness for the young in other words, if more people from! In the 18th century rational beings, should use their reasoning ability or rational thinking when making ethical.! To benefit the majority of people pleasure or happiness for the young or uninitiated act in higher prestige than consequences! Hand, Kantianism is a teleological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is it is the difficulty of educating the.. In thin air focus on ethics involving responsibility, moral duty, and commitment 28, 2017 March,! From a particular action or decision, then it is straightforward and is based on the of... Sometimes it 's hard to find inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of samples... Wrong and thus it is wrong in Kantianism too both are ethical theories that the! If more people benefit from a particular action or a decision impossible to conduct any type of of... Illustrate the contrast between utilitarianism and Kantianism Kant gives us a stern notion of duty seems. Moral worth are vital to determine the morality of an action is not measured by its..

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